Did you know that depending on the area where a peptic ulcer , will you actually receive different medical names? For example, a peptic ulcer is that lesion that occurs in the most superficial layer of the mucosa that lines the stomach or duodenum (the first portion of the small intestine).
However, we are facing a gastric ulcer when the ulcer appears specifically in the stomach (hence the name also of stomach ulcer ). And when the ulcer appears in the duodenum you will receive the medical name of duodenal ulcer .
Stomach ulcer -or gastric ulcer- It consists of a deep wound that occurs in an area of the stomach lining . Its cause? The existence of an inflammation that affects the protection of the gastric mucosa against the action of stomach acids. And what causes this inflammation? Many medical specialists suspect today of a specific and main cause: an infection, caused mainly by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori .
But it is not the only cause, since it is also known that the consumption of drugs or drugs such as for example is the case of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or acetylsalicylic acid , especially for a prolonged period in time, also causes the appearance of gastric ulcers.
Also, other equally related causes are suspected, such as a high production of stomach acids, stress or an alteration of the movements of the stomach.
Although in some cases a stomach ulcer can cause more serious or important problems, such as hemorrhage or a stenosis (obstruction) or perforation, in most cases it can be controlled and even remitted without causing complications .
However, it is essential to avoid at least for a time those drugs that influence the appearance of the ulcer, and to follow the medical treatment prescribed by the specialist (it is common the administration of proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole that inhibit the production of stomach acids).
But the truth is that the diagnosis of gastric ulcer can lead many people to question what they can eat thereafter, what foods should be avoided, and above all, what are the most recommended and appropriate foods and / or drinks.
These are the foods that you can eat with a gastric ulcer
Vegetables and fruits
Vegetables and vegetables can be consumed almost all , especially when they are cooked boiled, it is not advisable to consume them fried or in tempura. On the other hand, a useful option is to first opt for vegetable purees, especially at the beginning.
Of course, there are certain vegetables that are not recommended when we have a stomach ulcer. They are foods that cause flatulence, as for example is the case of cabbage, cabbage, cauliflower, onions or pepper.
In the case of fruits it is best to consume them baked or boiled , although it is possible to opt for raw fruits that do seem to be better, such as apples or pears. Citrus is not recommended .
The cereals are also suitable , but this time will depend on the tolerance that each one has, which means that it is best to try each cereal whenever you want, and be aware of the digestion that we can later.
However, as with other foods, it is best to boil the cereals and accompany them with vegetables, avoiding fatty meats or sausages.
Legumes and potatoes
The same happens with cereals happens with legumes and potatoes. While it is true that pulses can produce gases, everything will depend on the tolerance each one has. But always respecting the option of cooking boiled and accompanied with vegetables.
Fish, meat and eggs
If you usually consume foods of animal origin, such as fish or meat, it is best to opt for the lean meat (such as chicken, turkey, pig or rabbit) and for white fish (such as hake, cod, sole or turbot), as it contains less fat. In the case of eggs, it is best to eat boiled or tortilla eggs .
Regarding the cooking method, it is best to cook the meat and the boiled or grilled fish, always avoiding the fried ones. In addition, it is important to eliminate as much fat as possible, and avoid the most fibrous part of the meat.
Other nutritional recommendations to consider
In addition to knowing what foods are most suitable when you have a stomach ulcer, it is also appropriate to know what recommendations to follow to enjoy better health. The most useful and recommended are the following:
- Avoid difficult digestion foods: as is the case of red meats and fats, sausages and fried foods in general. Snacks and salty snacks are also not advisable.
- Beware of the cooking method: The most advisable thing is to boil the food or cook it steamed or papillote.
- Get away from alcohol: alcoholic beverages are harmful in case of stomach ulcer, since it increases pain and damages the stomach, besides being inadequate for our health in general.
- Reduce coffee: coffee can also irritate the stomach, and cause more pain. Therefore, it is recommended to reduce or even avoid this very consumed beverage.