WHO and other health-related organizations expressed their alarm a few years ago, after increasing the incidence of obesity in a large way throughout the world. In fact, the data provided by the WHO say so, because in 2014 about 13% of the world's adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese.
Obesity already affects more than 600 million people in the world and in Spain the number of people who suffer from it is also increasing, especially among children. All prevention is little to mitigate the problem and prevent the development of more serious diseases as a result of obesity.
Consequences of the disease
The WHO studies establish that the disease affects both women and men equally and that it is not just from industrialized countries. While in these the obese are numerous, there are also in other countries, and that men tend to have higher rates of overweight but women have somewhat higher rates of obesity.
The Consequences of obesity they constitute a very important risk for health, because it increases cholesterol, increases cardiovascular diseases, increases diabetes, hypertension, brain-related and also serious chronic diseases.
There are certain causes, some internal and others external that are produced by bad eating habits and greeting in general.
One of the essential factors to become obese is genetics, as some studies have concluded that less than 10% of children of thin parents are obese and more than 80% of children whose parents are obese are also obese. The correlation between parents and children is very important but that does not mean that it can not be prevented, both for parents and children.
A bad diet
Another direct factor responsible for developing obesity is related to nutrition. A bad diet favors the fact that a person may end up having obesity and this usually happens with the overfeeding that affects especially developed countries. Foods rich in fats and sugars are responsible, to a large extent, for obesity. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and fish can prevent the disease.
Discover: Differences between overweight and obesity
Bad general habits
Industrialized societies have many stimuli (television, video games, internet) to establish somewhat sedentary habits. This directly affects children who spend hours sitting in front of these screens, which encourages unhealthy habits, the main causes of obesity. Sport and a healthy lifestyle are the basis for obesity to pass by.
Many obesities develop due to the influence of the central nervous system. There are alterations in the metabolism of serotonin and dietary intake, stress, anxiety and others that makes many people end up eating more than necessary. It is necessary an adequate treatment.
Prevention of obesity
Proper nutrition helps in the prevention of obesity. It is vital to rely on a diet consisting of fruits and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; besides fish, and some red meat.
It is better to leave the processed and those foods that carry carbohydrates, fats and sugars. In the same way that we have to regulate drinks, that is, replace with water or natural juices, gas soft drinks and others that carry caffeine.
Another measure is to perform a daily physical activity. Exercise and weekly sports help to have a healthier life. This is feasible not only at home but also in the workplace.
Children must perform one hour per day of exercise, and now they have it easy with the amount of sports they can do. When there is no time, healthy life should be encouraged by walking, running, climbing stairs and moving in a general way.
When obesity is related to the psyche, we must get treatment to know what are the factors that are responsible for a person to eat too much.
This also involves the use of drugs, which must be prescribed by the doctor, but never take medications that serve to lose weight, because it can have serious consequences.