The truth is that they become essential nutrients in our nutrition, along with proteins and fats, since they provide us with calories that eventually become energy. However, depending on the type of carbohydrate contained in the food (find out more about the types of carbohydrates ), will provide us more or less satiety, and will be more or less beneficial for our body.
What is the function of carbohydrates?
As we indicated in the last paragraph, The main function of carbohydrates is the production of energy , indispensable for the maintenance of the different vital functions of our organism.
This means that our body is able to transform the carbohydrates we consume with food from our daily diet into glucose molecules that feed our nervous system.
In addition, they provide other micronutrients while increasing the feeling of fullness, which in turn decreases the likelihood of being overweight or obese.
Where do we find carbohydrates?
Fundamentally in a wide variety of foods. Although the ideal is to consume foods rich in slow-absorbing carbohydrates (since they provide a greater feeling of fullness and are not digested so quickly), we can also find simple carbohydrates in foods as natural and healthy as honey (not recommended , yes, for people with diabetes).
For example, Food groups such as fruits or legumes are rich in slow-absorbed carbohydrates . While other foods like white pasta or bread are rich in fast-absorbing carbohydrates .
Is it bad not to eat enough carbohydrates every day?
Although many people make the mistake of eating a diet rich in proteins and low in carbohydrates (an example is the hyperproteic diets so fashionable lately, like the Dukan diet), thinking that this way they will lose weight and enjoy better health, the truth is that an insufficient consumption of carbohydrates only contributes negative consequences to our organism.
Among other issues, Eating a carbohydrate-deficient diet can cause the onset of kidney disease, dehydration, bone decalcification or fatigue .
What are the recommended daily amounts of carbohydrates?
For those people who do not practice sports on a daily basis (discover the daily nutritional needs ), it is advisable to consume at least one 55% carbohydrates , 35% or less in fat and 10% in protein.
However, if you are an athlete, it is best to increase that carbohydrate intake to 65%.
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