Sixth week of pregnancy. The most important:
You are in the sixth week of pregnancy. After the implantation of the embryo and heart formation, during this week you will be able to hear its first beats if you perform the first ultrasound of pregnancy.
Week 6 of pregnancy (Week 4 of pregnancy).
During this week the neural tube of the embryo begins to close, in which the levels of folic acid of the mother are fundamental so that malformations do not take place. Remember to follow a varied diet rich in foods with folic acid.
Do not forget to continue taking your folic acid, iodine and iron supplement. During this week they are even more important.
It is possible that this week you have the first appointment with your gynecologist. If so, you will also have the first ultrasound. In it you will probably see the embryo and hear the beat of its heart, if all goes well.
Once the embryo has been implanted in the uterus, a surprising process of development and growth begins, faster than you may think. In fact, during the sixth week of pregnancy, something very important will happen to your future baby: a still primitive heart will begin to form , which will begin to beat and begin to pump blood throughout your little body. Even though you still have two small blood vessels, your heartbeat is very strong and energetic.
The development of the baby, therefore, continues its course, as it is possible that you also begin to feel changes in your body, but at the moment not so evident and that you could only feel yourself, as for example the first nausea and vomiting, or greater sensitivity and pain in the breasts.
The development of the baby during the sixth week of pregnancy
Although the embryo is still quite small, since in this week it tends to measure between 2-4 millimeters , during these days that begin there are many and great changes, many of them very important and surprising. In fact, at the end of this week you can get to measure 6 mm., And if you do an ultrasound during this week it is very likely that you can see it.
Inside, the lungs begin to form, the different muscle fibers and the neural tube begins to close, from which the spinal cord and the brain will form. They also form a set of cells that will later become the eyes and the ear (known as primordia), and that at the moment are spots or black dots located on both sides of his head, still very large.
We are in a very important week from which begin to form much of the body organs of the baby . For this reason, if the future mother does not follow healthy guidelines from the beginning of pregnancy, it is possible that malformations may arise in the fetus, such as defects of the neural tube as a result of inadequate levels of folic acid.
Further, your heart starts beating . It does it very fast, much more if we compare it with the beat of an adult. Your heartbeat can reach in these weeks the 150 pulsations .
What changes and symptoms occur in the woman's body during week 6 of pregnancy?
Although it is already possible to begin to feel the early pregnancy symptoms as of week 4 of pregnancy, during this sixth week they become much more evident signs, due mainly to the fact that the fetus develops and evolves very fast, by leaps and bounds.
Therefore, the symptoms that you can feel during these days are the following:
- Nausea and / or morning vomiting.
- Sensitivity, temperature change and breast augmentation.
- You want to go to the bathroom frequently to urinate.
- Constipation and / or heartburn
- Greater feeling of tiredness and weakness.
- Intolerance to certain flavors or smells.
- Excessive salivation.
You may also feel constant mood swings. For example, it is common that you can feel some nervousness and fear for the beginning of pregnancy and because everything goes well, and that at times you feel happy and other times sad or in a bad mood.
The first consultation with your gynecologist and also the first ultrasound of pregnancy
As many gynecologists advise, and as we have told you in the previous weeks, from the sixth week it is much safer to perform the first pregnancy ultrasound . Why? Fundamentally because if you do it before time it is possible that you can not see the embryo inside the gestational sac, which can lead to confusion and a certain nervousness on the part of future parents.
If you are lucky enough to hear the beating of your heart this week you will probably be surprised at how fast it beats. Do not be scared, it's normal. These days it beats very fast, around 140 to 150 beats per minute.
Therefore, if everything goes well, during this week the embryo can already reach 6 millimeters, so it can already be visible. In addition, your heart has started to work and to beat, so it is also possible to hear your heartbeat in this first ultrasound.
Helpful tips during the sixth week of pregnancy
- Take folic acid: Whether you have started taking it before pregnancy (because it is a planned pregnancy), or if you have started it after the positive pregnancy test, remember to continue taking folic acid. It is a fundamental vitamin, especially during this week, in which the neural tube of the embryo begins to close. In addition to taking folic acid supplements, you will also find it in the following foods: green leafy vegetables, lentils, beans, asparagus, broccoli, avocado or avocado, breads and whole grains, as well as oranges and other citrus fruits.
- Beware of toxoplasmosis and listeriosis: You must eliminate from your diet sausages, raw or undercooked meats, in addition to milk and unpasteurized cheeses. Also eliminate raw fish (like sushi).
- Do exercise: It is an ideal time to start exercising if you have not done it before. They are ideal to walk and take walks, swimming, or more relaxing options such as pilates or yoga. It will help you to calm the nerves that you can feel during these weeks.
What to expect from the first consultation with the gynecologist?
During this week it is quite possible that you have the first consultation with your gynecologist once you have confirmed your pregnancy. If so, it is likely that you also harbor many doubts, especially if you are in your first pregnancy.
If so, you have nothing to worry about. During this first consultation your gynecologist will ask you a series of questions and write down in your medical history all that is important. In addition, it will calculate how many weeks you are, depending on what was the first day of your last menstrual period.
It is also possible that during this consultation you perform the first ultrasound, to check the pregnancy status: if the embryo has been implanted in the right place (and there is not, for example, a ectopic pregnancy , that there is an embryo inside the gestational sac and that its heartbeat is heard.
However, it is possible that even this week the embryo is not displayed. If so, this happens for two reasons: because it is still very small, or because it is an anembryonic pregnancy ( empty egg ).