Surely you will know that the thyroid It is a gland found in the neck, located more specifically just in front of the trachea and above the clavicle. It has a butterfly shape and has two lateral "lobes" joined by a narrow strip of fabric.
It consists of one endocrine gland whose main function is that of produce thyroid hormones , which are very important for the proper functioning of our body and for our health in general given that they control the rhythm of many activities of our organism , as for example: how fast our heart beats or the speed with which our body burns the calories that we obtain from food.
In most cases it is not possible to feel or see the thyroid gland. However, when some thyroid problems As for example certain conditions or thyroid diseases it is possible to observe a bulge in this area of the neck, especially if it increases in size.
Among the hormones that the thyroid is responsible for producing, we find ourselves with three of the most important and outstanding in terms of the proper functioning of our body: thyroxine (or T4), the T3 and the Reverse T3 (also known as inactive).
All these hormones control the metabolism, which translates into controlling the way our body gets energy from digested foods. Hence When the thyroid does not work properly, our body uses energy more slowly (we gain weight) or more quickly than it should (weightloss).
Symptoms of major thyroid problems
Obviously the symptoms that may arise will vary depending on the thyroid problem that is causing them, hence it is useful to know and discover what symptoms can cause each disorder or condition:
- Hyperthyroidism : weight loss, hair loss, insomnia, irritability, tachycardia, nervousness, weakened muscles, protruding eyes, frequent bowel movements, excessive sweating and minor menstrual flow.
- Hypothyroidism : weight gain, tiredness, severe voice, dry skin, hair loss, constipation, spontaneous abortions, infertility, decreased sexual desire, weak nails, memory problems, cold intolerance and tendency to colds.
- Goiter : the most evident is the presence of a bulging protuberance located in the anterior region of the neck. Aphonia can occur, difficulty swallowing and breathing.
- Thyroiditis : unexpected weight gain, muscle aches, fatigue, constipation, dry skin and depression. However, it can also cause pain in the thyroid gland, weight loss, rapid heart rate, muscle weakness, tremors and fatigue.
As we see, each thyroid condition can cause a succession of certain symptoms, but in reality may not be clear to help know or know that you really have a thyroid problem. Therefore, a good option is Discover some common signs that appear when the thyroid works poorly .
Signs that may indicate the existence of a problem in the thyroid
In addition to the symptoms indicated above depending on the disorder or disease that affects the thyroid, when there is a problem or condition that affects this gland if there are certain symptoms or signs that arise and that can actually be very useful for the doctor. They are the following:
- Loss or gain of weight : given that the thyroid is the responsible and responsible for regulating the speed of our metabolism, when a weight loss occurs it could indicate the existence of hyperthyroidism, whereas when there is a sudden weight gain (for example 5 or 10) kg in 2 or 3 months) may indicate the existence of hypothyroidism.
- Body ache : pains are felt in the muscles and joints, even if we do not do any physical exertion.
- Fatigue : given that the thyroid has a vital role in the energy levels of our body, when there is a disorder that affects it is usual to feel tired and fatigued even if we rest enough hours. It is common that this fatigue arises especially when you have hypothyroidism.
- Constipation : arises mainly as a consequence of the slowing down of the hormonal activity of the thyroid, so that there is difficulty in eliminating feces through the digestive tract.
- Cold hands and feet : since the thyroid regulates the temperature of our body, when there is a thyroid problem it is common to feel the feet or hands cold, like the rest of the body.
- Problems in the skin, hair and nails Hair loss, brittle or weak nails that crack easily, as well as dry or very dry skin.
- Problems in mood : It is usual to feel depression, anxiety and nervousness. Mood changes and mood can also occur.
Given the smallest symptom, it is always best to go to our doctor, who will perform a detailed analysis and take into account our clinical history to inquire about whether or not we already suffered from a common thyroid problem, such as, for example, case of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
It is far from adequate to ignore these symptoms , because with the passage of time the problems or diseases of the thyroid can trigger more serious complications in health.
Images | ISTOCKPHOTO / THINKSTOCK