More and more medical experts and experts are advocating to reduce working hours not only as a way to improve the personal and family life of workers, but also to improve their own health. And is that working hard and in excess is not at all good for anyone, no matter how much our work we love and even do it for pleasure.
This has been confirmed by a recent scientific study published in the scientific journal ' The Lancet ', according to long hours of work may increase the risk of stroke , becoming in fact a very serious danger to our own health.
The researchers found that those who work longer hours had a higher risk of having a stroke or a heart attack. And they verified it from the data of more than 500,000 people, analyzed in Europe, the United States and Australia, taking as reference an average working day of between 35 to 40 hours per week (an average of between 7 and 8 hours a day, not counting Saturday and Sunday), with the aim of checking how the increase in working hours affects the health, especially the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
For this, they crossed the data of 25 studies using a meta-analysis, locating in this way certain tendencies that could have been overlooked in the investigations carried out previously. They were able to investigate and study the relationship between working long hours and the risk of suffering or suffering from cardiovascular diseases, and obtaining results with unprecedented precision.
In this way they verified how a working day of between 41 to 48 hours per week the associated risk of suffering a cardiovascular disease was increased by 10%, working from 49 to 54 hours per week increased the risk up to 27%, and more than 55 hours multiplied the risk by three.
On the causes that can cause why the long working days have such a strong impact on this type of affections, the students pointed to sedentary life, stress and alcohol consumption, which could be related.
While medical specialists consider that actually working too many hours is not an "insignificant negligence", they have defended and insisted on the need for legislation to regulate the maximum hours corresponding to working hours.
The diseases that can cause excessive work
As we see, already on this issue have alerted many scientific studies and research carried out previously. Thus, for example, a few years ago a study found that those who worked a greater number of hours were more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety and stress, affecting their mental health in a very negative way.
But, on the other hand, other research has also found more negative effects, especially for the physical health of the worker and the increased risk of suffering a number of diseases and disorders, such as:
- Memory loss : caused mainly by the excess of cortisol (hormone related to stress), which would cause damage in areas of the brain directly related not only to memory but also to learning. Thus, for example, the stress caused by excessive work would cause an increased risk of suffering from dementia, affecting the ability to both remember and acquire a greater number of new memories.
- Burnout syndrome : also known as the "Professional wear syndrome" , people who suffer from constant stress and extreme schedules begin to feel that work surpasses them, causing frustration and disappointment, regardless of the effort they make each day.
- Problems sleeping : lack of sleep causes brain and cognitive damage, in addition to increasing the risk of suffering from certain cardiovascular diseases, such as diabetes or hypertension.
- Cardiovascular diseases As we have already learned in this article, working for more hours than it takes is a risk when suffering from cardiovascular diseases, especially heart attacks, due to sedentary lifestyle, less sleep and being much more exposed to stress.
Taking into account everything indicated until now, there is no doubt that a law is fundamental that, analyzing scientific and medical studies and investigations, establish the number of maximum days and hours of work per week. Our health will undoubtedly thank us.