Surgery for obesity

surgery-obesity The obesity In recent years, it has become a real epidemic, which affects millions of people around the world, and which in fact is increasing every time, especially at very early ages ( childhood obesity ).

There are several treatments that exist to reduce obesity and overweight. As you know, keep a healthy food based on fruits, vegetables, fish and white meats is essential in this regard.

But in some cases, natural treatments based on diet and exercise do not work at all, at which point you have to consider the so-called surgery for obesity .

Surgery for obesity

It is known by surgery for obesity to the type of surgery which is precisely used in the treatment for obesity , being the most recommended in those cases in which neither diet nor physical exercise has helped in weight loss.

It is carried out in clinics and hospitals that have specialized units, whose operations involve a wide variety of specialists in the field (from anesthetists to endocrinologists, through surgeons and psychiatrists).

As we explained in a very summarized way in the previous lines, only this treatment will be applied to those people who have a Body Mass Index ( BMI calculator ) greater or equal to 40, or with an index higher than 35, as long as they present diseases considered as serious related to obesity.

Techniques and treatments of surgeries for obesity

Mainly there are three types of surgeries for obesity:

  • Restrictive technique: They are those that reduce the volume of the stomach, and the weight loss is produced mainly by the lower intake of food.
  • Malabsorptive technique: Maintains the intake of the food itself but causes a malabsorption of the same, eliminating most of the nutrients by deposition.
  • Mixed technique: It comes to be a combination of the above.

Contraindications

This type of surgery has a series of contraindications that prevent its use in the following cases:

  • Clinical history of drug addiction and / or alcoholism.
  • Obesity of congética and endocrina cause.
  • Neoplastic kidney or liver disease in advanced stage.
  • Serious psychiatric disorder.
  • Presence of mental retardation (moderate or profound).

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