Sciatica: what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

sciatica The sciatica It is a nervous disorder that is characterized by a pain that tends to extend along the entire sciatic nerve, which, by the way, is the most important of the leg and the longest and widest of the human body.

It is common that this pain occurs unexpectedly, although in some moments it can be so intense and painful that it can eventually incapacitate the person who suffers it momentarily.

In what refers to the place where it is usually located, first it appears in the lower part of the back, to then descend down the entire leg until it reaches the foot.

Precisely in order to identify it, the most advisable thing is always to know what the symptoms of sciatica more common.

Symptoms of sciatica

  • Tingling in the sole of the foot or calf.
  • Loss of motor reflexes of the knee.
  • Difficulty walking and standing, in case the picture gets worse.
  • Muscular weakness, mainly in the line that runs through the sciatic nerve.
  • In extreme cases, you may have incontinence and lose control of your bowels.

What are your causes?

Generally the sciatica It is caused by any disorder that affects the sciatic nerve to a greater or lesser extent.

These disorders can range from a muscle spasm to a tug on the back, and even a simple inflammation.

Here we show you briefly some of the Causes more common:

  • Herniated disc.
  • A bad alignment of the spine (by adopting bad postures).
  • A swelling, a clot or a tumor (which can damage the sciatic nerve).
  • Systemic diseases (such as, for example, diabetes).
  • Obesity and overweight.
  • Various traumas

More information | Sciatica (MedlinePlus)

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