The arrival of autumn it does not just mean the change of season. It also means the beginning of what has been commonly and medically referred to as seasonal epidemic , with the seasonal flu as one of the most contagious diseases of this cold time of the year.
While it is true that it is possible prevent the flu with the follow-up of certain basic hygiene councils (such as regular handwashing), the campaign of vaccination against influenza it becomes one of the fundamental options. Especially for those named as risk groups .
What are the risk groups?
It is known by risk groups to that group of people who, due to certain pathologies or certain common characteristics, may be at risk of complications after becoming infected with flu .
It is also necessary to take into account that they are not only considered as risk groups to those people who may suffer complications after the infection. They are also those people who attend, care for or live with people at risk of complications.
Risk groups in the flu
People at risk of complications
- Adults and children suffering from chronic diseases: pulmonary (including asthma and chronic smoking), cardiovascular, liver, kidney, hematological and metabolic (including diabetes).
- Adults and children with immune problems of any origin.
- Adults and children suffering from neuromuscular problems (tetraplegia, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, seizures, etc ...) that may compromise their respiratory function.
- Adults and children with morbid obesity.
- Children and adolescents who have received prolonged treatment with aspirin.
- Pregnant women.
- People residing in centers for the elderly or admitted to socio-sanitary centers or centers for the chronically ill.
- People over 65 years
People who attend, care for or live with people at risk of complications
- Professionals and health personnel.
- Adults and children who live with people at risk of complications from the flu.
- Staff caring for the elderly both in centers and in private homes
- Professionals and health personnel, both in hospitalization centers and health centers and social health centers.
- Staff of nurseries and nursery schools.
- Policemen, firemen, teachers, public transport workers and, in general, professions that are essential for the functioning of the community.