Who has not gotten bad on some occasion of some cold ? It is an extremely common condition, especially during the winter months, although it is true that we can get rid of it practically at any time of the year.
And, as we will see, unlike what is mistakenly thought, the culprit is not the wind, nor the changes in temperature, nor the cold. The only culprit of the cold - or rather, the only culprits - are viruses (viral infections). Therefore, prevention is the key so that it does not affect us, as well as maintaining an adequate hygiene.
What is the cold?
The cold is basically a viral infection , usually benign, caused by different viruses. In this sense, the virus that most frequently causes colds is the rhinovirus , belonging to the family Rhinoviridae , which especially occurs during the spring, summer and autumn seasons.
However, during the winter months most of the colds are not caused by the rhinovirus, but by the traditional flu virus , known medically with the name of orthomyxovirus .
It is spread basically from person to person, for example by droplets of saliva or mucus that come out of your mouth or nose when you cough, speak or sneeze (that is, through both nasal and buccal secretions).
Contagion is also possible through objects infected by people infected with the virus, especially if after touching them we do not wash our hands properly and put them in our mouths or touch our eyes.
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How to prevent colds
In almost any, as we see, The best prevention of catarrh is good hygiene . That is, always wash our hands when we touch objects on the street or just before eating, especially if we are at home or at work and in our environment we know that there is someone nearby who is cold or has a cold.
A good cleaning of hands It is essential and essential, preferably with hot water (hot, but without burning), and neutral soap. This cleaning should be done even after sneezing ourselves.
Basically, we could summarize below what advice we could follow when we get away from colds:
- Maintain a good and proper cleaning of the hands. Wash hands thoroughly with warm water and neutral soap.
- Discard disposable tissues after using them.
- Use disinfectant products for areas where people with catarrh are found.
Ideal infusions to relieve the symptoms of colds
Within the so-called home remedies for the cold , it is possible to easily elaborate at home a wide diversity of infusions prepared with medicinal plants of expectorant, mucolytic and protective action.
Infusion of eucalyptus and mallow flowers
It is an infusion widely used in the affections of respiratory processes such as cough, colds, hoarseness, aphonia and pain in the chest.
To make it you need 1 spoonful of mallow flowers, 2 leaves of eucalyptus and water.
To prepare it, infuse between five and ten minutes a tablespoon of mallow flowers with two leaves of eucalyptus in water, and drink the resulting infusion around a couple of cups per day.
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The mint infusion It is an ideal natural drink with refreshing and soothing qualities, ideal in case of nasal congestion and symptoms associated with the cold.
To make it you need 1 tablespoon of mint leaves and 1 cup of water.
Put the water in a saucepan and bring to a boil. Then add the mint leaves and let boil for 3 minutes. After this time turn off the heat, cover and let rest 5 minutes more. Finally sneak and drink.
Infusion of thyme, honey and lemon
The infusion of thyme with honey and lemon it is undoubtedly the infusion against colds and influenza par excellence; In short, one of the most popular and popular, in addition to being the most traditional for the natural treatment of colds.
It is an ideal drink to strengthen our immune system, it is expectorant and antibacterial, helping to reduce both cough and nasal congestion.
To prepare this infusion you only need 1 tablespoon of thyme, the fresh juice of a freshly squeezed lemon, the equivalent of 1 cup of water and honey (to taste).
Put the water in a saucepan, add the thyme and bring to a boil. Let boil for 2 minutes, then turn off the heat, cover and let rest 3 minutes more. Meanwhile, squeeze the lemon to obtain its juice. Once the thyme is infused, strain and serve in a cup, add the lemon juice and honey to taste. Remove and drink.
The Echinacea It is also another medicinal plant of recognized importance in case of cold or flu, helping in a very positive way when it comes to strengthening the immune system and increasing defenses.
To make it, we only need 2 teaspoons of echinacea root and the equivalent of 1 cup of water.
Put the water in a saucepan, add the echinacea and bring to a boil. Let simmer over low heat for 15 minutes. Then we finally put in and serve.