Also known popularly with the name of stomach virus , when summer approaches and especially when we are in this season it is usually very common that cases tend to increase alarmingly. Why? Mainly because the heat has a very negative effect on the quality of some foods , which causes decomposition and the appearance of certain elements that contaminate it. Although it is true that his most correct medical name is that of Viral gastroenteritis .
Among the viruses that usually cause the appearance of symptoms characteristic of the stomach or stomach virus, we can mention four: rotavirus, norovirus, astrovirus and enteric adenovirus. However, we must bear in mind that rotavirus tends to affect children especially (causing severe gastroenteritis in children), and in turn affect adults exposed to children with the virus. That's why the people most at risk of suffering from severe gastroenteritis are young children, people with a weakened immune system and the elderly.
As usual these viruses affect a person or a group of people who have ingested the same food or taken the same contaminated water . That is, these microorganisms can enter the body of the person either directly through the food in poor condition or contaminated water, or by common and usual objects such as dishes, knives, forks, spoons and other utensils to eat. On the other hand, it is also possible to transmit a sick person to another .
Symptoms usually appear within 4 to 48 hours after being in contact with the virus, and among the most common we can name: diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms may also occur, such as chills, sweating, fever, cold and clammy skin, and muscle pain.
Useful tips to prevent the spread of stomach virus easily
Wash your hands properly and frequently
We must bear in mind that most viruses that are transmitted from one person to another , as for example is the case of stomach flu , they occur mostly for not washing your hands , or not doing it in a proper and correct way.
If you have questions, you can discover how to wash your hands correctly , but usually it is simple and very easy: first wash your hands with hot water, use soap and rub your hands with it for 20 seconds, rinse your hands of meno and finally dry them well with the help of a washcloth or a cloth dry. It is very important that wash your hands frequently , especially before eating and cooking, after arriving from the street or after going to the bathroom.
Beware of food
It is very important maintain proper hygiene when handling and preparing food before consumption. Thus, for example, it is vitally important to separate raw from cooked foods, to fully cook foods and always keep them at safe temperatures. It also always uses water and safe raw ingredients.
Take special care with sauces such as mayonnaise, which also cause problems during the summer months, for example in the case of salmonellosis . On the other hand, extreme consumption of raw fish and seafood .
On certain foods, keep them well chilled , avoiding those who have been more than 24 hours at room temperature. Equally, it is appropriate not to consume those foods that we do not know as much their origin as the time they have prepared.
At the time of drinking water always try to consume bottled water, especially if we do not know or do not know where it comes from.
Images | ISTOCKPHOTO / THINKSTOCK