The myopia is considered medically with a disorder that, if it is not a congenital myopia , is usually above all evolutionary.
The Myopia consists in the elongation of the eyeball by different growth factors , especially because these factors tend to activate when the focus of the image on the retina is not entirely accurate.
In recent years there have been many scientific and medical advances in discovering why it appears and how it evolves. Thanks to those same studies, we have been able to know that the peripheral retina (which provides lateral vision), has an almost vital importance in this process.
For this reason, myopia is a disorder related to continuous periods of near vision, since the human eye (especially specialized in far vision), tends to respond with imprecise focus when we perform near vision activities, as is the case of the reading.
For how many years does myopia evolve?
Although some decades ago it was considered in the medical field that myopia could evolve until the age of 20 to 25 years (and then stabilized), thanks to current studies it has been found that this can continue to evolve even after 35 years of age. However, it will evolve less than at puberty.
There is no doubt that the myopia is a disorder that generates a lot of anguish , since the progressive but slowed vision loss can generate many moments of anxiety in the affected person.
However, in addition to making annual reviews and following the advice of your doctor, it is necessary to know that the Myopia can be controlled and stabilized Following some basic health tips.
Myopia: how to control it and stabilize it
For control myopia (and therefore to stabilize it), it is necessary that the person modifies above all his daily visual habits, since it is in the activities of near vision when our sight tends to resent more.
For example, it is advisable to follow the following tips:
- Shorten work time that requires keeping a close-up view for a long time.
- Do your work in short periods.
- Maintain a correct distance and posture.
- If you work in front of a computer screen, try to be at a distance of at least half a meter.
- Always work or study with good lighting.
It can also be of great help to make from time to time different visual therapies in the optometrist's office.
Making these changes in visual habits and always following the advice we have indicated throughout this note (in addition to the advice provided by your doctor), you can control and stabilize your short-sightedness. In any case, never stop consulting with your doctor.
More information | Myopia: frequently asked questions
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