The amino acids are organic compounds necessary for the proper functioning of our body, which can synthesize or obtain them to build new proteins. Precisely in this sense, and depending on whether our body is able to synthesize them by themselves, they can receive the name of non-essential amino acids or of essential amino acids .
In the case, for example, of these last amino acids are those that our body can only obtain from the diet, so that to be able to provide them to our body it is essential to follow a diet as balanced and varied as possible.
He glutamic acid is a type of non-essential amino acid that is also known by the name of glutamate , which -as we will see below and throughout this note- our body uses to transport energy, hence its importance.
What is glutamic acid?
It is a type of non-essential amino acid also known by the name of glutamate , that our organism tends to use above all for the synthesis of proteins, as well as when transporting energy (although it also fulfills other essential functions).
There is a peptide (a molecule made up of several amino acids) that is called L-Glutathione , which is composed of glutamic acid, glycine and cysteine.
Glutamic acid functions
- Our body uses it to transport energy.
- Participates in the synthesis of proteins.
- It interferes with the absorption of certain nutrients such as: glucose, fatty acids and minerals.
- Involved in the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, aiding digestion and the healing of ulcers in the digestive system.
- It is a neurotransmitter of the central nervous system, the spinal cord and the brain.
Benefits of glutamic acid for health
As we see, and as we have known from the section on the different functions of glutamic acid, is an essential non-essential amino acid for our organism, since above all it participates in the transport of energy and in the synthesis of proteins.
It is also a non-essential amino acid that interferes with the absorption of certain nutrients and intervenes in the production of hydrochloric acid.
For its medical or therapeutic benefits, glutamic acid is commonly used in the treatment of muscular dystrophy, ulcers and epilepsy.
Where to find glutamic acid?
Here we indicate which are the foods richest in glutamic acid:
- Food of animal origin: meats, fish, eggs, milk and dairy products.
- Plant-based foods: vegetables, seeds, algae and plants.
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