As recommended by most medical specialists (including the Spanish Association of Pediatrics) and the World Health Organization itself, there is no doubt that it is advisable to maintain child nutrition for at least the first 6 months exclusively with Breastfeeding.
Just after this period, the different nutritional needs are modified, so from the sixth month is the ideal time to start with complementary feeding, starting with those known as transitional foods -or intermediates-.
These foods belong to the groups adapted to meet the nutritional needs of the child, and the best way to give them is to start with crushed food, in the form of purees and compotes, and then semi-solid. Likewise, if the mother so wishes, both breastfeeding and complementary feeding can be combined, since breast milk continues to be the baby's main food until one year of age.
From what age can we give fruit compotes and baby food to the baby?
First, we must bear in mind that feeding the first 6 months of the child's life is done exclusively with breast or bottle . In the case of a bottle, usually using a milk formula, from cow's milk (or goat's milk), specially adapted to the needs of the baby.
Only when the weight gain of the baby is low, and provided the pediatrician so indicates or recommends, milk can be supplemented with gluten-free cereals, or with other nutrients.
In addition, throughout this first semester, the child usually does not need more water than they receive through food, and do not need an extra supplementary supply, except when they do not eat normally, they have diarrhea or fever, or temperature of the environment is high. Only in these cases it is necessary to replenish the liquids, since water losses are increased.
Having said that, from the sixth month it is possible to start with the administration of complementary foods , while breastfeeding or artificial breastfeeding continues to be preferred (especially if it is yours).
In most occasions, it is recommended that the baby receive fruit in the afternoon in the form of puree (that is, in the form of compote or porridge). However, it is not advisable to start directly with the compotes you find in the supermarket, but with purees or porridges made by you at home.
It is normal that, at the beginning, the baby can reject the new flavors, until little by little they begin to accept them. And each time will tend to like you more.
What aspects should you take into account with the introduction of the first fruits?
The first foods should be easy to digest. In addition, it is very important that they are unlikely to cause an allergic reaction. A) Yes, It is advisable to start with fruits such as apple, pear, banana and papaya . Of course, it must be ripe and tasty, so it is advisable to always try it first before giving it to the child.
While papaya and plantain are two fruits that do not require cooking as long as they are perfectly ripe (since it is enough to crush them to make a puree or a porridge alone or mixed with a little breast milk or infant formula), the same thing does not happen with the pear or with the apple. It is necessary to cook them a little before, to soften them and to crush them.
So, probably the baby's pediatrician will advise you introduce each fruit separately , waiting one or two days to continue with another new fruit, to be able to identify with it what fruit could have caused an allergic reaction, in case it arises. However, do not worry, since it does not tend to be that usual.
It is important not to reduce the baby's milk intake from the moment that begins with the administration of solid foods, since milk continues to be a fundamental food in the diet of the child.