Although it is usually a problem that mostly affects people with diabetes , the truth is that the hypoglycemia (That is, when blood sugar levels are lower than normal) can affect anyone and at any time.
Not in vain, when it comes to the normal glucose values , Blood sugar levels are considered low when it is below 70 mg / dl .
There are two types of hypoglycemia, which can actually occur or occur in people without diabetes:
- Fasting hypoglycemia : what happens when you have been without food for a long period of time, especially because you have not had breakfast.
- Reactive hypoglycemia : your symptoms occur 1 to 3 hours after you have eaten.
Causes of falling blood sugar
Taking into account that the fall of blood sugar (or hypoglycemia , as it is known medically to this condition) occurs when the sugar is used up too quickly in our body, when it is released into the bloodstream too slowly, or when a lot of insulin is released into the bloodstream, it is fundamental to keep in mind what They are your Causes more common.
However, we must differentiate between the common causes that cause hypoglycaemia in people with diabetes and in people without diabetes.
Causes of falling blood sugar in diabetics :
- Skip meals or not eat enough during meals.
- Take insulin or medication for diabetes at the wrong time.
- Take too much insulin or diabetes medication by mistake.
- Do more physical exercise, or at a different time than usual.
- Drink alcoholic beverages.
Causes of falling blood sugar in non-diabetic people :
- Insulinoma: tumor in the pancreas that causes an excessive production of insulin.
- Liver disease
- Consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Symptoms of falling blood sugar
- Sensation of nervousness, irritability or acting aggressively.
- Double or blurred vision.
- Tremors or trembling.
- Strong or rapid heartbeat.
- Tingling (or numbness of the skin).
- Confused thinking
How to avoid falling sugar
- Do not skip meals : remember that it is essential to distribute the meals in a total of 5 meals. In fact, it is essential to have breakfast and have a small lunch in the middle of the morning, as well as a small snack in the afternoon.
- Avoid being more than 3 hours without eating : it is not advisable to be more than 3 hours without having eaten anything. Hence, the best way to maintain stable blood sugar levels is to eat at least every 3 hours.
- Practice physical exercise : there are many benefits that physical exercise brings us. Not only is it essential to enjoy good health, but it can help prevent diabetes, while helping to improve sugar control while decreasing insulin resistance.
- Reduce consumption of foods rich in sugar : highlights the simple carbohydrate-rich foods , as is the case of pastries, sweets and soft drinks. As you know, these products tend to sharply raise sugar levels, then collapse.