The gallstones They are hard deposits , similar to rock crystals, which are formed inside the gallbladder . Their size is quite variable, so they can be small (like a grain of sand), or reach sizes such as a golf ball.
With reference to causes of gallstones , we must take into account the existence of two main types of calculations: the calculations composed of cholesterol (the most common), or the calculations composed of bilirubin (which develop when the red blood cells are destroyed).
Although gallstones can be hereditary, they tend to be more frequent in women, as well as in people over 40 years of age, although certain conditions or health disorders may predispose them to their formation (such as diabetes, cirrhosis or rapid loss of blood). weight). And in fact they become one of the main causes for eliminate the gallbladder .
With regard to the symptoms of gallstones , these tend to be diverse, so that the usual thing is that even people who have stones in their gallbladder do not feel any symptoms and their diagnosis is made by chance before performing an abdominal ultrasound.
Can the gallstones dissolve?
Currently there are different useful treatments to remove stones in the gallbladder .
One of the most common is the surgery , highlighting above all the so-called laparoscopic cholecystectomy , consisting of making smaller surgical incisions, allowing a faster recovery.
As regards the possibility of dissolve gallstones , this is possible thanks to the administration of two drugs: chenodeoxycholic acid (AQDC) or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), which helps especially to dissolve cholesterol gallstones.
However, one of its main disadvantages is that they are treatments that can even take two years or more to take effect, while the calculations can appear again once the treatment is finished.