We all have to control our blood pressure , since a high blood pressure ( greater than 130-139 / 85-89 ) is considered a really serious risk to health , constituting a problem for ourselves that must be taken into account, and that must be controlled.
Especially, because a high blood pressure increases the risk of suffering a stroke (stroke), heart attacks, heart failure and kidney failure (kidney failure). Also, moderate increases in our blood pressure can be dangerous, especially when combined with smoking, high cholesterol or obesity.
According to statistics, approximately one in four people suffer from high blood pressure and is unaware of it, so it is necessary to keep track of our blood pressure on a regular basis.
In cases of high blood pressure, we should see our doctor as soon as possible, following the treatment given by him.
What are the causes of high blood pressure?
Although it is often unknown, at present it is believed that the heritage is -in part- responsible for 40% of high blood pressure.
However, some people are more sensitive to salt than others, so blood pressure increases if they eat salt in a lot. However, other people see this figure increased when they gain weight.
Despite this, some forms of high blood pressure are caused by a narrowing of the arteries or by various kidney diseases .
Therefore, knowing its main causes and then following an adequate medical treatment is vital when it comes to taking care of our kidneys and protecting them. Especially because we must not forget something: a high blood pressure maintained over time is one of the biggest enemies for the proper health of our kidneys.
However, statistics indicate that in 95% of people with hypertension there is no organic cause, so that high blood pressure is actually caused by either hereditary factors, or by externally associated risk factors such as case of excessive consumption of salt and alcoholic beverages, obesity and stress.
Moreover, only in 5% of cases are hormonal disorders or organic diseases the main cause of high blood pressure.
If you want to know more about how to take care of your kidneys, you can know how purify the kidneys .
And what are the consequences for health?
Maintaining high blood pressure for a long time becomes a tremendous risk to our health, especially because it produces certain damages in some organs of our body .
Our heart is one of the organs that tend to suffer the most that we have high blood pressure, so that the higher it is the more it will have to work to pump blood to the aorta (the main artery of our body).
For this reason, the cardiac muscle must adapt to this increased stress, and over time the fibers of the heart muscle thicken, producing hypertrophy, and more connective tissue develops between the muscle fibers.
Consequently, the heart muscle becomes stiffer , so that the person feels more dyspnea due to the effort.
On the other hand, high pressure causes the smaller arteries that run through the heart muscle to contract, putting at risk the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the deeper layers of the myocardium.
The result? May cause arrhythmia, hardening of the arteries and chronic heart failure .
Damage to the kidneys
In addition to the heart, the kidneys are other organs that suffer the most as a result of having high blood pressure , especially when it is not treated and extends over time.
It causes an alteration in the regulation of the balance of liquids, causing an accumulation of metabolic waste in our organism and causing a renal insufficiency .
Due to the damage that occurs in the filtration system, the kidneys are not able to retain substances, increasing their elimination through the urine.
Damage to the brain
Did you know that hypertension is a remarkable risk factor for ictus ? The main cause is found in that high blood pressure causes the arteries of the neck of the brain to be altered as a consequence of arteriosclerosis, causing occlusion and severe stenosis.
On the other hand, the normal functioning of the brain is altered due to an insufficient chronic supply of nutrients and oxygen.