Cataracts: causes, symptoms and treatment

waterfalls A waterfall is a vision disorder more common than originally thought, and that usually appears especially in adulthood, given that until the age of 45 years the shape of the lens can change.

Due precisely to the passing of the years, and as a consequence of certain factors such as diseases or various disorders, the crystalline lens can change, so that a opacity .

Taking into account that the crystalline eye It is normally transparent and focuses light as it passes to the back of the eye (acting in the same way as a camera lens), it is common for one of its main symptoms to be a blurred vision or opaque

What are the causes of the cataract?

Although one of the main Causes of cataracts is the aging by the passage of years, there are certain diseases, disorders or factors that can cause its appearance:

  • Age (due above all to aging).
  • Inflammation or injury to the eye.
  • Family history of cataracts.
  • Diabetes.
  • Surgery for another eye problem.
  • Exaggerated exposure to ultraviolet light.
  • Prolonged use of corticosteroids or other medications.

Symptoms of cataracts

Taking into account that it is the ophthalmologist specialist who should diagnose cataracts , it is true that there are certain symptoms that may be an indication of the presence of an opacity in the lens of the eye (which is medically named waterfall ):

  • Blurry vision.
  • Opaque vision
  • Flashes, especially at night (although also during the day, especially with solar rays).
  • Do not see well at night.
  • Double vision in one eye.
  • View of multiple images in one eye.
  • Vision of faded colors.

How is a cataract diagnosed?

The diagnosis of a cataract should always be made by the ophthalmologist specialist, who will perform it mainly through:

  • A standard ophthalmological examination.
  • An examination with slit lamp.

Treatment of cataracts

The only treatment for cataracts is through surgery with the aim of removing it. But this is only done when this opacity in the lens prevents him from leading a normal life and can not perform daily activities (reading, driving ...).

Therefore, there are tips that can help against cataracts, such as the use of correct eyeglasses, magnifying glasses, better lighting or the use of sunglasses.

Via | Medline Plus

Image | Mikleman

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