Amenorrhea or absence of menstruation

There are many different symptoms of menstruation that a woman can feel not only during the process of menstruation itself, but also in the preovulatory, ovulatory and postovulatory phase.

Among those more usual or usual symptoms, we find the dysmenorrhea , which as we saw earlier, is a pain associated with menstruation during ovulatory cycles.

However, one of the equally common problems faced by the young woman or the woman is the amenorrhea or absence of menstruation .

Amenorrhea or absence of menstruation

You know the amenorrhea as the absence of menstruation , usually for a period of time greater than 90 days. Although it may be normal (due to physiological causes), it can also be indicative of the existence of a disease (pathological cause).

Physiological amenorrhea

The physiological amenorrhea It is characterized by the lack of menstruation due to a physiological cause. They can usually occur at the following times:

  • Before puberty, since the first menstruation tends to occur between 10 to 14 years. In this sense, it is considered primary amenorrhea when a woman reaches 16 years without ever having the rule.
  • In pregnancy (always present).
  • In lactation, having a hypothalamic-pituitary origin.
  • In menopause, it mainly starts between 45 and 55 years.

Primary amenorrhea

As we explained earlier, it is called primary amenorrhea when a woman reaches the age of 16 and has never had a period.

It usually occurs when there is an alteration in the normal functioning of the ovaries. It may be due to the presence of cysts in the ovaries, the abnormal development of the vagina and uterus, the existence of an unperforated and closed hymen, or the lack of hormone production.

Secondary amenorrhea

This type of amenorrhea can have different causes, among which are thyroid diseases, stress, anemia or polycystic ovaries.

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